By Ivy M. Alexander, Karla A. Knight
Nearly ten million american citizens have osteoporosis and thirty-four million have osteopenia (low bone mass) and lots of hundreds of thousands are in danger. no matter if you believe you've osteoporosis, you latterly realized that you've bone loss, or are a chum or relative of somebody with osteoporosis or osteopenia, this publication deals support for women and men, younger or outdated. a hundred Questions & solutions approximately Osteoporosis and Osteopenia offers authoritative, sensible solutions in your questions about treatment plans, way of life judgements to enhance bone well-being, assets of help, reviews from women and men with bone loss, and lots more and plenty extra. Written by way of a nurse practitioner and a nurse, this ebook is a useful source for an individual dealing with the actual and emotional demanding situations of osteoporosis and similar stipulations.
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Extra info for 100 Questions & Answers About Osteoporosis and Osteopenia (100 Questions Series)
Long bones The larger bones of the legs (femur, tibia, fibula) and arms (humerus, ulna, radius). Trabecular bone Connective spongy tissue of bone, particularly of the central and long bones. Provides strength and integrity, houses bone marrow, produces blood products, and provides the surface used for the exchange of calcium and phosphorus. Cortical bone The hard outer shell of bone; critical for bone strength. 15 Overview and Bone Development 11. Which bones are affected by osteoporosis? qxd 31/1/06 07:06 PM Page 16 100 Q&A ABOUT OSTEOPOROSIS AND OSTEOPENIA Cortical bone 80% of all the bone in the body Trabecular bone 20% of all the bone in the body Figure 5 Cortical and trabecular bone.
Replace caffeinated beverages with beverages rich in calcium. If you drink coffee or tea, consider adding milk. When drinking hot chocolate or cocoa, consider making it with milk to increase your calcium intake. • Change your sedentary lifestyle to an active one by exercising daily (see Questions 43–45). • Improve your diet. Take in adequate amounts of calcium, Vitamin D, citric acid (found in citrus fruits), and phosphorus, and cut down on the amount of salt you eat. Be sure you get adequate amounts of protein and fiber, but remember that excessive amounts of fiber and protein can interfere with absorption of needed nutrients for bone development, unless you also supplement with calcium in your diet (see Questions 48–54).
Back pain that comes on suddenly in the spine can mean that you have one or more vertebral fractures resulting from osteoporosis. This is different from the back pain associated with a muscle spasm. Even if you have just bent forward to reach for something or slipped in the bathtub, you can still get a fracture in your spine if you have osteoporosis. One physical sign indicating that you have osteoporosis is loss of height. So, if you shrink in height as measured in your annual physical exam, you should ask to be screened for osteoporosis, particularly if your clinician doesn’t notice or doesn’t recommend screening.