By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The unlock of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's wide archive of surveillance records, interviews, and firsthand debts has made it attainable to bare the reality in the back of the myths and misperceptions concerning the state of Islam. This finished source catalogues the days, areas, and other people that formed the philosophies from its adolescence via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A historical past of The country of Islam: Race, Islam, and the search for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, besides archival and rarely-used resources. The ebook departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" therapy of the topic, and in its place examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the move put up Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Additional info for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
According to Clegg, joblessness led Poole to alcoholism and detachment from his family: Elijah’s struggle with joblessness in the late 1920s and early 1930s debilitated him emotionally. Like most other men, his self-esteem was inextricably tied to his ability to feed and take care of his wife and the children. The role of provider conferred both authority and responsibility, and lacking steady employment, Elijah felt as though he had failed to live up to this ideal of manhood. As weeks without work turned into months, Elijah lost the resolve to confront the dilemma that he and his household faced.
Such neglect on the part of scholars appears to stem from a widely held, but nonetheless mistaken, belief that women were silent partners in the group and a more alarming obsession with the male personalities of the movement. The NOI’s literature and interviews with former members reveal that women found within the NOI a host of opportunities to pursue leadership, business, and education. African American women contributed to various aspects of the Nation’s daily operations. In particular, women made significant contributions to the management of the NOI schools, the Muslim Girls 38 A History of the Nation of Islam Training (MGT), and business enterprises.
The declassification of Fard’s extensive FBI file via the extension of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) has served to authenticate and discredit aspects of such theories. Plentiful theories have circulated since 1933. THE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT In 1963 a Nigerian scholar, Essien-Udom, began conducting extensive research on the NOI in Chicago and New York. Essien-Udom’s book, Black Nationalism: A Search for Identity in America, posited the first informed theory on the identity and affiliations of Fard Muhammad.