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By Paul Tennant

This e-book offers the 1st entire therapy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to envision the trendy political historical past of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides designated realization to the newest courtroom judgements, govt guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a debatable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the atmosphere for the main extreme and protracted calls for through local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims via governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. delivering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once principally accountable for the long run process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia begun their land claims at the beginning of white payment and persisted regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this e-book as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who this day have extra energy and solidarity than ever earlier than. the writer has carried out vast interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency organizations and Indian political companies. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on mess ups and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the college of British Columbia.". This publication is meant for.

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Moreover, Douglas was willing to develop long-term policy at a time when many Whites, and probably many Indians too, assumed that thé rapid Indian population décline meant that short-term charity was thé most that was needed of officiai policy-makers. " But he had white welfare in mind as well. "12 Lytton had proposed getting thé Indians into English-style villages with thé primary purpose of facilitating thé accomplishment of his major goal, introducing Christianity and other éléments of British culture.

His system opened the way, or so he believed, to a society, economy, and political system in which individual Indians could be prosperous, secure, and equal. The legacy of Indian policy that Douglas left to his successors may be summarized as follows: 1 On a small fraction of Vancouver Island he had recognized aboriginal land tide and extinguished it by treaty. 2 On the Island he had continued to acknowledge aboriginal tide in word but not in deed; despite pressure from the public and the assembly and encouragement from the Colonial Office, he had taken no further action to extinguish Indian title.

33 CHAPTER TWO The Douglas Treaties and Aboriginal Title The British took their time in establishing British Columbia. For seventy years after thé first white contact (of Juan Ferez Hernandez in 1774)1 thé fur trade between Indians and Europeans developed without any formai colonial control. It was only in 1849, after thé Oregon Treaty of 1846 had set a southern limit to their influence, that thé British established thé Colony of Vancouver Island, giving charge of land and settlement to thé Hudson's Bay Company.

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