Download Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 6 by Hayne W. Reese (Ed.) PDF

By Hayne W. Reese (Ed.)

This quantity, one in a sequence, offers with the constitution of developmental idea, recursive platforms, kid's iconic realism, the position of cognition in figuring out gender results, the improvement of processing velocity in formative years and formative years and extra.

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The utility of material rewards should nevertheless not be underestimated in other than contrived laboratory situations. Benowitz and Busse (1970) found the incentive value of a promised material reward, a box of crayons, more effective than grades and normal teacher approval for producing spelling gains in fourthgrade black children over two weekly periods. c. THEATTENTION VALUE OF REWARD MAGNITUDE The layman’s conception of the significance of children’s motivation in learning fails to take into consideration the delicacy of arrangements necessary to produce efficient learning.

An interpretation consistent with these positions might explain the negative effects for the Skill-Chance conditions in our experiment, where indeed primacy was given to the incentives by our overkill instructions. Also pertinent to this and all our other studies is the following comment by Bolles ( 1967) : The data from the study of the quality of reinforcement indicate the need for a little interpretive caution; in almost every respect in which quality has been compared with quantity or delay we have found different functional properties of these dimensions of reinforcement.

00 1 2 3 4 5 6 r B Blocks of 5 T r i a l s Fig. 5 . Mean package choices per block of five trials, experimental groups (from Feldstein & Witryol, 1971). 36 Sam L. Witryol gested, and as measured against a reward of previously defined incentive value. The operations of uncertainty as incentive, however, in precise information terms represents only a first approximation. In formal information theory, uncertainty value is measured by the number of alternatives, called variety, interacting with the probability of occurrence of each.

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