By C. Glenn
Tracing the history of Native American education in North the US, this booklet emphasizes elements in society at large – and infrequently within indigenous groups – which led to Native American children being break away the white majority. Charles Glenn examines the evolving assumptions approximately race and tradition as utilized to education, the reactions of oldsters and tribal management within the usa and Canada, and the symbolic in addition to sensible function of indigenous languages and of efforts to take care of them.
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Additional resources for American Indian First Nations Schooling: From the Colonial Period to the Present
37 Not all Indian peoples became wards of government in the full sense; the “Five Civilized Nations,” in particular, were able with considerable success to maintain semi-independent status with an elaborated tribal government and a range of institutions similar to those of white society. indd 38 5/4/2011 8:58:26 AM CHAPTER 5 The “Five Civilized Nations” P erhaps the earliest instance of European-style schooling controlled by an Indian people was among the Cherokee. After several decades of government-funded missionary schools, the Treaty of 1835 provided an annual sum of $16,000 a year from the federal government to support Cherokee public schools.
5 Though several different strategies were employed to turn Indian children into French or English men and women, they were with very few exceptions unsuccessful. “Little by little, there was a realization on the part of the educators that Amerindian cultures were not easily eradicated, that traditional beliefs were well rooted, and that the colonial environment favoured many of the Amerindian customs and practices. . indd 20 3/29/2011 11:16:40 AM Making Christians ● 21 Despite various good intentions, the results were meager; Indians “refused to fall into settled ways of life .
What seem a straightforward goal from the perspective of Paris or London or Washington was not so simple to implement; all too often the good intentions did not take into account that the natives had their own goals, which seldom included welcoming a radically different worldview and manner of life, and that the complete absence of the native peoples often seemed more desirable to settlers than their converted presence. ”1 To this end, members of Catholic religious orders worked among Huron, Micmac, and other Indian peoples in the seventeenth century.