By Dennis F. Vanderwerf
From the early floor and polished prism aspects of glass lighthouse Fresnel lenses to trendy microreplicated versatile Fresnel lenses for sunlight concentrators, new functions of prismatic optical parts for gentle regulate are regularly being built. moreover, thoughts using unmarried and compound prismatic and reflective optical parts are rising within the fields of metrology, polarization keep watch over, projection structures, illumination, and demonstrate lights, between others. cutting-edge multilayer optical coatings have enabled novel prism and reflector geometries to be built for particular services. The options and examples provided during this publication should still supply a great historical past to investigate, overview, and comprehend prismatic and reflector functions defined within the literature. the cloth during this booklet could encourage readers themselves to create novel and beneficial units using prismatic and reflective optical components.
- Preface - creation and historical past - normal Prisms and Reflectors - Polarization houses of Prisms and Reflectors - really good Prism forms - Prism and replicate approach layout, research, and Fabrication - a variety of Prism functions - Projection screens - Microprismatic Arrays - Fresnel Lenses - Afterword - Index
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Extra resources for Applied Prismatic and Reflective Optics
Thus, the exiting central ray through prism surface 2 is displaced by a distance 3Ap from the incident central ray. 16 Refraction Matrix As we defined a reflection matrix for a mirror, we can define a refraction matrix for refraction at a boundary between materials having different refractive indices. Using Eqs. 71c) and ρ = cos I = Ki ki , where i = (x, y, z), ρ = cos I = 1− 2 n sin I . 74) z where the refraction matrix R is defined as 1 0 0 0 k [ρ − (n/n )ρ] n/n 0 0 x .
737850]. 12. D. Malacara and Z. Malacara, “Prisms,” Chapter 18 in Handbook of Lens Design, Marcel Dekker, New York (1994). 13. L. Levi, “Plane surfaces, mirrors, and prisms,” Chapter 8 in Applied Optics, Vol. 1, John Wiley, New York (1980). 14. R. E. Hopkins, “Mirror and prism systems,” Chapter 7 in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, Vol. 3, R. , Academic Press, New York (1968). 1 Equilateral Prism The equilateral prism is one of the most available and most widely known of the prism types.
This type of prism is often used for p-polarized visible lasers where very low surface reflection loss is desired. 13 Double Dove prism design parameters. 14 (a) Dove prism producing an inverted image. (b) Roof Dove prism producing a readable image rotated 180 deg. (c) Double Dove prism producing an inverted discontinuous image. 15 Brewster laser-dispersing prism. 46 Chapter 2 each refracted internal angle I int . Since IBrew = 90 deg + I int , the prism is isosceles with base angle β = γ ≈ IBrew .