By Mercedes Rubio
Thomas Aquinas wrote a textual content later referred to as Quaestio de attributis and ordered it inserted in an exact situation of his statement at the Sentences of Peter Lombard greater than a decade after composing this paintings. Aquinas assigned unheard of value to this article, during which he confronts the controversy at the factor of the divine attributes that swept crucial centres of studying in thirteenth Century Europe and examines the solutions given to the matter by means of the representatives of the 4 mainstream faculties of his time: the Greek mystic Dionysius Areopagita, the Latin Saint Anselm of Canterbury, the Jewish rabbi Moses Maimonides and the Muslim thinker Ibn Sina. This in-depth learn of Thomas Aquinas Quaestio de attributis (In I Sent., d. 2, q. 1, a. three) binds jointly the findings of earlier examine at the distinctive historical past of this article by way of reconstructing the historic situations surrounding its composition, exhibits that the Quaestio comprises Aquinas ultimate solution to the dispute at the divine attributes, and punctiliously examines his interpretation of Maimonides place at the factor of the data of God through analysing this and different texts concerning it chronologically and doctrinally. The exam of the Quaestio unearths the historical past of Thomas Aquinas renewed curiosity in Maimonides place at the factor and brings to mild components of Aquinas interpretation which are absent from his prior references to Maimonides. additionally, the chronological and doctrinal connection of the Quaestio de attributis to different Thomistic works with specific references to Maimonides allows a reconstruction of his finished method of Maimonides educating at the hazard and volume of the data of God within the advisor of the at a loss for words and highlights where of Maimonides philosophical teachings in Thomas personal concept in matters like 'Being' because the right identify of God, the multiplicity of the divine names, the beatific imaginative and prescient within the afterlife, the motives that hinder the guide of the multitude in divine issues and the function of religion and prophecy within the acquisition of the real wisdom of God during this lifestyles. The final bankruptcy examines the explanations in the back of Aquinas silencing of Maimonides identify while introducing his 5 methods for the information of the lifestyles of God, inspite of the glaring relation among those and Maimonides 4 Speculations. The research is finished with an intensive appendix that comes with the textual content of the Quaestio de attributis with an English translation and the severe version of a number of chapters of the thirteenth Century Latin translation of the advisor of the puzzled referred to as Dux neutrorum.
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Extra resources for Aquinas and Maimonides on the Possibility of the Knowledge of God: An Examination of The Quaestio de attributis (Amsterdam Studies in Jewish Thought) (Amsterdam Studies in Jewish Philosophy)
The Responsio of the article is divided into three questions: DISPUTE ON THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES 45 1. Whether the divine names mean one or many in God, 2. Whether they are synonyms, 3. Whether they differ only according to the intellect or also in God. I will first briefly review the structure and doctrine of the Quaestio de attributis on the problem of the divine attributes, then analyze the Roman Commentary, to show that there is unity and continuity of doctrine between the two texts. The explicit references to Maimonides and Aquinas’ evaluation of his position in the Quaestio de attributis are found in the third and fourth questions of the Respondeo, and will be examined first in the context of the issues dealt with in both texts, then separately and as a way of conclusion in the fourth and last section of this chapter.
Article 3 of the first question elaborates on the source of the multiplicity of the divine attributes and their presence in God. Aquinas had dealt with this issue in article 2 by simply asserting that each one is in God according to its innermost ratio (secundum sui verissimam rationem). The contents of Aquinas’ article 2 have already been analyzed in the previous section. According to the article’s title, the question only concerns the presence of a real multiplicity 47 Innocentii quinti pape qui antea Petrus de Tarantasia dicebatur In IV libros Sententiarum Commentaria, In I Sent.
Dico ergo, quod ratio qua differunt attributa divina partim fundatur super rem, partim super intellectum. Super rem quidem, quia in Deo, cum sit perfectissimus, est universaliter veritas omnium perfectionum, sed in ipso est ut unum per modum simplicem, qui excedit intelligentiae nostrae modum; super intellectum vero, quia intellectus noster imperfectus est, et creaturarum speciebus immixtus, in quibus haec sunt diversa secundum rem: ideo omnes divinae perfectionis modos, qui in Deo sunt unum, non potest sub una similitudine apprehendere, sed sub diversis, sicut et creaturae diversimode participant esse divinum.