By Jean-Paul Sartre
Sartre’s research of Baudelaire is among the extra remarkable achievements of recent feedback. We may perhaps usually disagree along with his interpretations of the poet’s character, yet we can't fail to ask yourself on the mastery with which he provides his case. it's the case, really patently, of an Existentialist who needs to psychoanalyze a paramount literary determine when it comes to his personal ideals. maybe Sartre’s maximum contribution to Existentialism has been his personal character. He made it a dwelling philosophy, giving it his unique mind's eye, his penchant for controversy, and specifically his bold. He grew to become abstractions like life and Being, Freedom and Nature, right into a conception of psychoanalysis, grounded in man’s creativity and against Freudian determinism. Then he placed the speculation into perform during this publication on Baudelaire. Baudelaire: guy of shadows, opium-addict, dandy, frigid disciple of volupté; after which the best lyric poet of the age. Sartre lays naked the “lunar panorama of this distressed soul." We see Baudelaire, with anguished intelligence, deciding upon and arranging his personal evil future, juggling the values of a global on the turning element of recent occasions.
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Besides, he recognized that he possessed 'a sense of duty/ that is to say, he regarded the moral life as a constraint, as a bit which hurt the restive mouth, never as an agonizing quest or a genuine élan from the heart : 46 Un ange furieux fond du ciel comme un aigle, Du mécréant saisit à plein poing les cheveux Et dit, le secouant: 'Tu connaîtras la règle! ) Je le veux! A few crabbed, torturing imperatives whose content was disarming in its poverty—such were the values and rules which served as a basis for the whole of his moral life.
A complete absence of desires, an impossibility of finding any sort of amusement. ' 7 He himself described it as his laziness. I agree that it has a pathological aspect. I also agree that it bears a 7 Letter of December 30th, 1857. (Corres. , 2, p. ) 31 strong resemblance to those disorders which Janet has described collectively as neurasthenia. It must not be forgotten, however, that as a result of their condition, Janet's patients frequently had metaphysical intuitions which the normal person tries to hide from himself.
Such idiocy is not even worth refuting, but what remains true is that he demanded that severity of which he complained throughout his life. And the part played by the General was of capital importance in the process of self-punishment which will be discussed later on. It is also true that the terrible Aupick seems after his death to have become incarnate in the poet's mother. But at this point the case becomes extremely complex. Mme. Aupick was certainly the only person for whom Baudelaire ever felt affection.