By Joy Hendry
"The youngsters are greater than mere photos. They let us know the truths approximately Japan." So wrote a customer to Japan on the flip of the century and this view underlies the name of this publication. the 1st few years of a kid's lifestyles are vitally imporant for getting ready it to be a member of the society to which it belongs. jap equipment of childcare are hence directed in the direction of making the most of the receptivity of the early years. also they are diversified in lots of methods from Western tools and masses of the colourful element during this e-book can be of serious curiosity to moms everywhere--from kinfolk beds and bathroom education to the flowery non secular ceremonies of adolescence. Joyn Hendry seems at customs and traditions, at rewards and punishments, and on the day by day lifetime of little ones at domestic, in class, and within the wider world.
Joy Hendry's examine concerned operating with jap moms and different care takers, and with kindergartens and day nurseries. She has drawn at the paintings of sociologists, psychologists and educationalists in English and eastern, however the theoretical framework for the research is drawn from social anthropology.
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Extra resources for Becoming Japanese : the world of the pre-school child
58. 83. Shigaki 1983: 20 who describes this custom even in day nurseries. 89; Smith and Schooler (1978) note the emphasis on the maternal role over the conjugal role. These figures may not be entirely representative as this private kindergarten necessarily draws on a highincome group, but the interview material seems to support the general trend, also noted by Caudill & Plath 1966: 34466 and Befu 1971: 1545. 36 Hara & Wagatsuma 1974: 389; Inoguchi 1962: 21415; Norbeck & Devos in Hsu 1961 discussed Japanese work on the ejiko and its possible psychological effects.
According to one informant, similar books are distributed to primary school children and include spaces to record teeth cleaning, resolutions, holiday work, and even bowel movements. I am indebted to Brian Powell and Graham Healey for bringing this to my attention. 58 A Brief Report on Child Welfare Services 1979: 11. 59 Hara & Wagatsuma 1974: 1213. For a nationally Page 46 accepted view, I have used works in Japanese such as Shiotsuki 1970 and 1971; and the Nihon Minzokugaku Jiten (Japan Folklore Dictionary) 1979.
55 Nearly all children now attend a kindergarten or day nursery before they enter school, which, although voluntary, seems to be regarded as an important part of early education. Before the same children went home that day, she reminded them that they should change their clothes when they arrived home since the hot weather they were experiencing at that time of year made them very sweaty. Some suggestions about how this change of heart is achieved will emerge in Chapter V. 59 It would also not be an exaggeration to say that more life cycle ceremonies are associated with the early period of childhood than with any other stage.