Download Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or Mad Cow Disease): by Sarah A. Lister PDF

By Sarah A. Lister

Via mid-May 2007, the U.S. had proven 3 instances of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or 'mad cow disease'): the 1st in December 2003 in a Canadian-born cow present in Washington nation, the second one in June 2005 in cow in Texas, and the 3rd in March 2006 in a cow in Alabama. presently after the 1st case, U.S. division of Agriculture (USDA) and different officers introduced measures to enhance current safeguards opposed to the advent and unfold of BSE. formerly, the most important safeguards have been: USDA regulations on imports of ruminants and their items from international locations with BSE; a ban on feeding so much mammalian proteins to farm animals and different ruminants, issued by means of the foodstuff and Drug management (FDA); and a certain household surveillance software by means of USDA's Animal and Plant healthiness Inspection provider (APHIS), the business enterprise answerable for animal health and wellbeing tracking and disorder keep watch over.

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Additional resources for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or Mad Cow Disease): Current and Proposed Safeguards

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54] As of mid-May 2007, FDA had not finalized any proposed changes to the feed ban. An FDA official was quoted in September 2006 as saying that the The Livestock “Feed Ban” 29 agency may have underestimated the impacts that the ban of SRM in all feeds could have on the rendering industry. [55] ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF AN SRM BAN IN FEED The feed ban instituted in 1997 permits rendering of ruminant by-products as long as they are not re-fed to ruminants. Proposals to ban the use of SRM in all feeds imply that alternate disposal routes for these products will be needed.

Becker also earlier “routine” testing. The data covered a total of seven years. “The analysis concluded that the prevalence of BSE in the United States is less than one case per million adult cattle. [82] USDA also said that the analysis was subjected to peer review and that a panel of outside experts had affirmed the conclusions. The Secretary of Agriculture released this analysis in announcing that enhanced surveillance would soon be scaled back to an ongoing level of 40,000 tests per year. [83] Critiques of the Enhanced Surveillance Program The enhanced surveillance program garnered considerable criticism, at least in its early stages.

73 would have statutorily defined “SRM,” and explicitly made it illegal for any person to introduce into interstate or foreign commerce these and other prohibited materials, among other provisions. Also introduced was S. 2002, a more comprehensive BSE proposal that included a section similarly defining and restricting the introduction of “SRM” into commerce. Members of the 110th Congress could reintroduce these or additional measures, and are likely to be interested in the substance of the anticipated final rule and its implementation.

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