Download Children's Adjustment to Adoption: Developmental and by David Brodzinsky PDF

By David Brodzinsky

Targeting developmental and medical matters in kid's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this quantity with an summary of ancient and modern views, then discover a number of theories that experience addressed the difficulty of mental hazard linked to adoption.

Following a assessment of empirical study on elements that impact the adjustment procedure, the authors talk about varieties of adoption, learn methodological difficulties, and speak about medical and review concerns that ordinarily come up in paintings with adoptees and their households.

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Additional resources for Children's Adjustment to Adoption: Developmental and Clinical Issues

Example text

Furthermore, even when significant group differences are present, they often are relatively small (cf. , 1996a). In fact, virtually all the studies reported suggest that the majority of adoptees are well within the normal range of functioning. Consequently, care must be taken not to overinterpret or overgeneralize the findings from this body of research (Brodzinsky, 1993; Haugaard, in press). It may well be that the group differences between adopted and nonadopted children are accounted for by a small percentage of adoptees whose adjustment is much more deviant than the majority of the sample.

1992; Hoopes, 1990). Sorosky et al. (1975), in particular, have emphasized four fundamental issues that complicate identity development in the adoptee: 32 CHILDREN'S ADJUSTMENT TO ADOPTION 1. problems in early object relations that impede the emergence of trust and security in the infancy years; 2. difficulties in resolving Oedipal feelings toward adoptive family members with whom one is unrelated biologically; 3. the tendency of adoptees, in response to conflict, to overuse the splitting defense, in which one set of parents (either adoptive or biological) is seen as "ail good" and the other as "all bad"; and 4.

On the other hand, adopted adolescents manifested a higher incidence of externalizing problems than nonadopted youth living in two-parent families, especially in conduct and oppositional disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and use of cigarettes and marijuana. No differences were noted for alcohol use and involvement with the police. Furthermore, no differences were found between adoptees and nonadoptees from two-parent families for internalizing problems such as anxiety, depression, suicidal behavior, and self-esteem.

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