Download Chinggis Khan (Makers of the Muslim World) by Michal Biran PDF

By Michal Biran

During this novel point of view on a much-maligned determine, Michal Biran explains the enormous influence Chinggis Khan has had upon the Islamic international, either optimistic and destructive. usually criticized as a mass-slaughterer, pillager, and arch-enemy of the religion, Biran exhibits that his positive effect upon Islam used to be additionally significant - his legacy obvious in crucial Asia even at the present time. overlaying Chinggis Khan's early occupation, his conquests, the iconic strength of his descendents, and the varied methods he's offered in numerous Muslim contexts, this available booklet presents a desirable perception into essentially the most infamous males in history.

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094 02/02/2007 4:23 PM Page 37 TEMÜJIN’S MONGOLIA 37 the Qara Khitai realm) was a direct challenge to Ong Khan’s leadership. Both Toghril and Temüjin moved against Jamuqa. Ong Khan inflicted a heavy defeat on him which led Jamuqa to plunder the camps of his own followers, further fracturing his coalition. Temüjin’s main aim in this campaign was the Tayichiu’d, Jamuqa’s supporters and his former tormentors. The Tayichi’ud were broken once and for all, and as a bonus Temüjin received the allegiance of one of their clients, Jebe, who turned out to be one of his most brilliant generals.

Part of the problem derives from the fact that jasaq in Mongolian means both law or legal code and an individual order or act of law, and the scattered references in the Secret History (none of them related to the 1206 quriltai) seem to refer to specific orders, not to a comprehensive legal code. Moreover, no copy of the Jasaq survived, and no historian ever claimed to have read it. It would seem that the Jasaq in a coherent form was put into writing only in the reign of Chinggis’s heir, Ögödei, who is described in Chinese sources as promulgating it during his accession ceremony.

Soon after their achievements in the west, the Seljuqs renewed their interest in Central Asia. In 1089 the Seljuqs took over Bukhara and Samarqand and made the Western Qarakhanids their vassals, and soon afterwards the Eastern Qarakhanids surrendered as well. The diwan dealt with the civil management, mainly with the collection of taxes. The dargah was mainly military in character, and also had judiciary authority. It was staffed mainly with Turkish military commanders and also with members of subject rulers’ families kept as hostages.

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