Download Cognitive Development: Neo-Piagetian Perspectives by Sergio Morra, Camilla Gobbo, Zopito Marini, Ronald Sheese PDF

By Sergio Morra, Camilla Gobbo, Zopito Marini, Ronald Sheese

Tying jointly nearly 4 many years of neo-Piagetian study, Cognitive improvement presents a unique severe research and a comparability of recommendations throughout neo-Piagetian theories. Like Piaget, neo-Piagetian theorists take a constructivist method of cognitive improvement, are large in scope, and imagine that cognitive improvement is split into phases with qualitative alterations. in contrast to Piaget, even if, they outline the expanding complexity of the phases according to the child’s info processing method, instead of when it comes to logical homes. This quantity illustrates those features and evidences the intriguing probabilities for neo-Piagetian study to construct connections either with different theoretical methods corresponding to dynamic structures and with different fields similar to mind technology. the outlet bankruptcy presents a historic orientation, together with a severe contrast among the "logical" and the "dialectical" Piaget. In next chapters the key theories and experimental findings are reviewed, together with Pascual-Leone's idea of positive Operators, Halford's structuralist concept, Fischer's dynamic structures method of talents, Case's thought of vital Conceptual constructions, Siegler’s microgenetic procedure, and the proposals of Mounoud and Karmiloff-Smith, in addition to the paintings of others, together with Demetriou and de Ribaupierre. The interrelation of emotional and cognitive improvement is mentioned commonly, as is appropriate non neo-Piagetian study on info processing. the applying of neo-Piagetian learn to various subject matters together with kid's challenge fixing, psychometrics, and schooling is highlighted. The booklet concludes with the authors' perspectives on percentages for an built-in neo-Piagetian method of cognitive improvement.

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Representation in the narrow sense is understood as forming and using images, symbols or signs based on their capacity to evoke absent objects or events. In Piaget’s view, one cannot attribute representational ability (in either sense) to the child prior to the sixth stage of the sensorimotor period, which begins at about 18 months. Prior to that stage the Piagetian infant can recognize an object, but not evoke an absent object; the infant can anticipate or foresee an event, but only if the context provides perceptible indices that activate a direct connection with the event itself.

It is possible that the lasting success of the computer metaphor is also associated with the general cultural climate of the times. The predominance in the Western world of a cultural model based on individual consumption and status symbols, and that above all requires efficiency, competitiveness and conformity renders culturally irrelevant (in a certain sense) any discourse on the critical attitude and on the self-modification of knowledge, both of which have been emphasized by Piagetian-oriented educators.

A basic assumption is that, without any preexisting system in place, such as the understanding of rudimentary causal relationships, numbers, or time, it would be difficult to make sense of the world, as children do. Baldwin (1906/1968) was the first developmental theorist to adopt this framework, proposing that children progress through four general stages (sensorimotor, quasi-logical, logical, and hyperlogical) and maintaining that new experiences are “assimilated” into existing schemata. Piaget owes much to Baldwin’s early insights, and, as just noted, the dialectical Piaget who introduces components from biology and dialectical philosophy into developmental psychology coexists with a Kantian soul who believes in a priori categories and incorporates the notion of “logical structures” into Baldwin’s framework.

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