By Drew Myers(auth.)
From the stories of the 1st variation: "The e-book has admirably met its acknowledged aim. the entire gamut of floor and colloid technological know-how has been awarded in a finished demeanour with none undue oversimplification. the writer may be congratulated for his clarity." -Advanced fabrics Now in its moment variation, this paintings is still the one most precious advent to be had to the advanced region of floor and colloids technology. specialist Drew Myers walks readers via ideas, theories, and applications-keeping the math to a minimal and proposing real-world case reports to demonstrate key technological and organic strategies. He considerably reorganizes and updates the cloth to mirror the present kingdom of information within the box, delivering new chapters on absorption and organic structures as well as the real parts of colloid balance, emulsions and foams, monolayer movies, surfactants, and wetting. This revision additionally boasts a far better index, greater than 2 hundred new line drawings, basic and particular bankruptcy bibliographies, and end-of-chapter difficulties. Geared to scientists, technologists, and scholars facing colloidal and floor structures and their a number of commercial purposes, the publication imparts an knowing of the elemental elements of surfaces, interfaces, and colloids, that is crucial for potent recommendations in varied components of chemistry, physics, biology, medication, engineering, and fabric sciences.Content:
Chapter 1 Surfaces and Colloids: The Twilight sector (pages 1–7):
Chapter 2 Surfaces and Interfaces: normal options (pages 8–20):
Chapter three floor task and Surfactant constructions (pages 21–39):
Chapter four appealing Forces (pages 40–78):
Chapter five Electrostatic Forces and Double Layer (pages 79–96):
Chapter 6 Capillarity (pages 97–124):
Chapter 7 strong Surfaces (pages 125–139):
Chapter eight Liquid–Fluid Interfaces (pages 140–178):
Chapter nine Adsorption (pages 179–213):
Chapter 10 Colloids and Colloidal balance (pages 214–252):
Chapter eleven Emulsions (pages 253–294):
Chapter 12 Foams (pages 295–316):
Chapter thirteen Aerosols (pages 317–338):
Chapter 14 Polymers at Interfaces (pages 339–357):
Chapter 15 organization Colloids: Micelles, Vesicles, and Membranes (pages 358–396):
Chapter sixteen Solubilization, Micellar Catalysis, and Microemulsions (pages 397–414):
Chapter 17 Wetting and Spreading (pages 415–447):
Chapter 18 Friction, Lubrication, and put on (pages 448–475):
Chapter 19 Adhesion (pages 476–488):
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Additional resources for Surfaces, Interfaces, and Colloids: Principles and Applications, Second Edition
The importance of that qualiﬁcation will be made more clear in Chapter 9. For two pure, mutually immiscible liquids having a common ﬂat interface we can deﬁne the terms ‘‘interfacial tension’’ and ‘‘excess interfacial free energy,’’ based on the same concepts used for the liquid–vapor systems. However, because unlike atoms or molecules at a liquid–liquid interface experience mutual attractions from units in the adjacent phase, those interactions become important in determining the properties of the system.
Prime examples of that would be the alcohol ether sulfates in which a POE nonionic material is terminally sulfated R(OCH2CH2)nOSO3Ϫ Mϩ and, of course, the zwitterionic and amphoteric materials already mentioned, which often exhibit the advantages of both ionic and nonionic surfactants while having fewer of their potential drawbacks. The ‘‘hybrid’’ classes of surfactants, while not yet composing a large fraction of total surfactant use, can be particularly useful because of their ﬂexibility and, especially in personal care items such as shampoos, because of their low level of eye and skin irritation.
The solvent) phase, normally called the lyophobic group, and (2) chemical units that have a strong attraction for that phase—the lyophilic group (Fig. 1). Although, in principle, surface activity and related concepts are applicable to any system composed of at least one condensed phase, the bulk of the scientiﬁc and technological literature is concerned with aqueous solvents and their interaction with a second phase. As a result, the term hydrophobic will quite often be employed in place of the more general lyophobic; analogously, hydrophilic will be employed instead of lyophilic.